Design engineers are likely to create a host of new applications for microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). So predicts a panel of the Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems of the National Research Council. But first, its study says, more R&D must be launched and completed. MEMS can produce tiny 3-D mechanical structures using lithography techniques derived from the construction of integrated circuits. Instead of handling only electrical signals, MEMS merges signal processing with sensing and actuation. Some systems have moving parts. Thus, MEMS makes possible miniature fluid-pressure and flow sensors, accelerometers, gyroscopes, and micro-optical devices. The panel recommends enlarging R&D into MEMS-related fields, including surface materials, etching, packing, assembly, and engineering standards. CAD tools familiar in the design of integrated circuits are needed for MEMS, the study adds. Included are schematic-to-layout generation, automatic routing, and design verification. The result, the study says, could be "a revolution" of MEMS into medicine, robotics, navigation, computers, auto safety, munitions, instrumentation, and many other fields.
The Dutch are known for their love of bicycling, and they’ve also long been early adopters of green-energy and smart-city technologies. So it seems fitting that a town in which painter Vincent van Gogh once lived has given him a very Dutch-like tribute -- a bike path lit by a special smart paint in the style of the artist's “Starry Night” painting.
For decades, engineers have worked to combat erosion by developing high-strength alloys, composites, and surface coatings. However, in a new paper, a team at Jilin University in China turned to one of the most deadly animals in the world for inspiration -- the yellow fat-backed scorpion.
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