Battery technology remains a major challenge for developers of electric and hybrid-electric vehicles. With a three- to five-year life span, every hour of battery life counts in determining vehicle cost-effectiveness. Moreover, concentrated temperature gradients, indicating heat buildup within a battery module or across a battery pack, can shorten battery life by causing accelerated corrosion, chemical imbalances, and thermal strains on electrode materials. To address these problems, engineers at the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) Vehicle Systems Research Department use thermal imaging to better understand how the batteries behave under certain conditions, such as experimental fast-charging completed within 20 minutes or at extreme temperatures. The imaging can rapidly and accurately identify energy-wasting hot spots, unpredictable gradients, and transient behaviors. Without thermal imaging, engineers must use thermocouples placed at a discrete number of sites on the batteries to obtain temperature distributions. Not only is this costly, but thermocouples interfere with the taking of sensitive measurements. FAX Elizabeth Douglas at (210) 522-3547.
The engineers and inventors of the post WWII period turned their attention to advancements in electronics, communication, and entertainment. Breakthrough inventions range from LEGOs and computer gaming to the integrated circuit and Ethernet -- a range of advancements that have little in common except they changed our lives.
Neil Fromer is the executive director of the Resnick Institute, a program for energy and sustainability at the California Institute of Technology, working to develop new ideas and research technologies related to providing a sustainable future. He spoke to us about the severity of the current drought in California and how solar energy can help prevent such situations in the future.
From home enthusiasts to workers on the manufacturing floor, everyone's imagination is captured by the potential of 3D printing. Prototyping, spare parts creation, art delivery, human organ creation, and even mass product production are all being targeted as current and potential uses for the technology.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.