Giant shrimp are coming! Giant shrimp are coming! In this case, the shrimp is not a crustacean, but it is giant. The $2.5 million, 12-ton Sensitive High Resolution Ion MicroProbe (SHRIMP) arrived at Stanford University this spring. This device will determine the age of rocks and the origins of the solar system by analyzing grains of earth or interstellar dust for differences in atomic mass. The SHRIMP fires high-energy oxygen ions at a sample at speeds of 350-km/sec or nearly 800,000 mph. The oxygen ions focus into a fine beam about the width of a single strand of human hair. The ions have a negative electrical charge. When they hit the sample, positively charged ions are "kicked" off. The impact leaves craters on the sample surface. The liberated ions travel down a tube into a curved magnet about 1m long. The magnet separates the ions according to their mass and energy. The lighter and slower ions hug the inside lane, while the heavier and faster ones accelerate to the outer lanes. The ions excite the magnet in a broad beam. They enter an electrostatic compensator, which reorganizes them according to mass only, removing the effects of energy difference between ions of the same mass. Scientists use these masses for radiometric dating and isotopic fingerprinting. FAX: (415) 725-0247.
Wearables are changing the way we see ourselves. With onboard sensors that have access to our bodies, we are starting to know our physical selves like never before, quantifying our activity, our heart rate, breathing, and even our muscle effort.
This year, Design News is getting a head start on the Fourth of July celebration. In honor of our country and its legacy of engineering innovation -- in all of its forms -- we are taking you on an alphabetical tour through all 50 states to showcase interesting engineering breakthroughs and historically significant events.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.