When the manager of a lower Manhattan office building opened his electric bill recently, he saw a change for the better. The 11th floor, occupied by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), used 64% less electricity for lighting, resulting in a savings of more than $10,000 per year. Making the Con Edison bill savings possible: installation of an energy-efficient lighting system, and the useof new energy-saving personal computers in the 1901-vintage building. The lighting system for the 23,000-sq-ft space consists of energy-efficient electronic ballasts and fluorescent lamps mounted in highly reflective deep-ceiling fixtures. The lights produce less glare on computer screens. Occupancy sensors turn them off when employees leave a work area for more than 10 minutes. In addition, window ceiling monitors sense changes in natural daylight and adjust lights to save energy on sunny days. In addition, use of EPA "Energy Star"-certified computers reduces energy use 23% over standard computers. FAX Jackie Turner at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) at (650) 855-2900.
Are they robots or androids? We're not exactly sure. Each talking, gesturing Geminoid looks exactly like a real individual, starting with their creator, professor Hiroshi Ishiguro of Osaka University in Japan.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.