The goal: push network speeds 10 to 1,000 times higher. The method: use semiconductor diode lasers that transmit information on tens to hundreds of different wavelength channels simultaneously through the same optical fiber. UC Berkeley Electrical Engineering Professor Constance Chang-Hasnaina hopes to push the network speeds beyond the gigabit rate by etching a microscopic, tunable laser directly on a computer chip. "Tunable lasers are available today, but they are about 100 million times larger and a million times slower than this," Chang-Hasnain says. "An integrated device that includes the laser and associated electronics would fit on the same chip and be significantly cheaper." Chang-Hasnain and colleagues etched a vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) directly onto a gallium arsenide chip using techniques commonly employed to make integrated circuits and microprocessors. Each laser measures only 150 by 200 microns. The professor suggested that such lasers could also be used for wavelength division multiplexed systems. This would speed communication between processors in a computer made up of many parallel processors, eliminating connections to a motherboard. FAX: (510) 643-7461.
Samsung's Galaxy line of smartphones used to fare quite well in the repairability department, but last year's flagship S5 model took a tumble, scoring a meh-inducing 5/10. Will the newly redesigned S6 lead us back into star-studded territory, or will we sink further into the depths of a repairability black hole?
In 2003, the world contained just over 500 million Internet-connected devices. By 2010, this figure had risen to 12.5 billion connected objects, almost six devices per individual with access to the Internet. Now, as we move into 2015, the number of connected 'things' is expected to reach 25 billion, ultimately edging toward 50 billion by the end of the decade.
NASA engineer Brian Trease studied abroad in Japan as a high school student and used to fold fast-food wrappers into cranes using origami techniques he learned in library books. Inspired by this, he began to imagine that origami could be applied to building spacecraft components, particularly solar panels that could one day send solar power from space to be used on earth.
Biomedical engineering is one of the fastest growing engineering fields; from medical devices and pharmaceuticals to more cutting-edge areas like tissue, genetic, and neural engineering, US biomedical engineers (BMEs) boast salaries nearly double the annual mean wage and have faster than average job growth.
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