When Mae West pronounced that too much of a good thing sometimes is a good thing, she probably didn't have the versatile molecule nitric oxide (NO) in mind. However, biologists at Washington University (St. Louis) have shown that a high concentration of NO in osteoclast bone cells might keep them from eating away too much bone, preventing bone loss associated with such diseases as osteoporosis. A team led by Philip Osdoby, a professor of biology, introduced an antibody into the osteoclasts that halted bone resorption, a process where bone is gnawed away by osteoclasts that are too numerous or too active. Biochemical tests showed that, after adding the antibody, an increase in NO occurred, followed by decreases in bone resorption. Osdoby believes that NO acts as a signal to turn the osteoclast off. "With a better understanding of how NO is regulated in osteoclasts, we may be able to develop new strategies to prevent bone loss," Osdoby adds. E-mail Susan_Killenberg@aismail.wustl.edu .
Festo's BionicKangaroo combines pneumatic and electrical drive technology, plus very precise controls and condition monitoring. Like a real kangaroo, the BionicKangaroo robot harvests the kinetic energy of each takeoff and immediately uses it to power the next jump.
Design News and Digi-Key presents: Creating & Testing Your First RTOS Application Using MQX, a crash course that will look at defining a project, selecting a target processor, blocking code, defining tasks, completing code, and debugging.
These are the toys that inspired budding engineers to try out sublime designs, create miniature structures, and experiment with bizarre contraptions using sets that could be torn down and reconstructed over and over.
PowerStream is deploying the microgrid at its headquarters to demonstrate how people can generate and distribute their own energy and make their homes and businesses more sustainable through renewables.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.