When Mae West pronounced that too much of a good thing sometimes is a good thing, she probably didn't have the versatile molecule nitric oxide (NO) in mind. However, biologists at Washington University (St. Louis) have shown that a high concentration of NO in osteoclast bone cells might keep them from eating away too much bone, preventing bone loss associated with such diseases as osteoporosis. A team led by Philip Osdoby, a professor of biology, introduced an antibody into the osteoclasts that halted bone resorption, a process where bone is gnawed away by osteoclasts that are too numerous or too active. Biochemical tests showed that, after adding the antibody, an increase in NO occurred, followed by decreases in bone resorption. Osdoby believes that NO acts as a signal to turn the osteoclast off. "With a better understanding of how NO is regulated in osteoclasts, we may be able to develop new strategies to prevent bone loss," Osdoby adds. E-mail Susan_Killenberg@aismail.wustl.edu .
Major global metropolitan areas are implementing a vast number of technology, energy, transportation, and Internet projects to make the metropolis a friendlier, greener, safer, and more sustainable place to be.
Here’s a look at robots depicted in movies and on TV during the 1950s and 1960s. We tried to collect the classics here, omitting the scores of forgettable B movies such as Santa Claus Conquers the Martians and Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine. Stay tuned for slideshows of robot stars from later decades.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.