Some 154 global standards make up the third and updated edition of the ISO handbook "Technical Drawings." The goal of ISO/TC 10, the technical committee that drafted most of the standards, is to enable a drawing to be interpreted correctly in any country, regardless of language differences. Among the handbook's contents are standards for dimensioning, tolerancing, microcopying, surface texture, graphical symbols, and drawing equipment. A separate section deals with mechanical engineering drawings. You can buy the handbook, which comes in two volumes, from any national member of ISO or from the ISO Central Secretariat at 1 rue de Varembe, CH-1211 Geneva 20.
According to a study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, one of the factors in the collapse of the original World Trade Center towers on Sept. 11, 2001, was the reduction in the yield strength of the steel reinforcement as a result of the high temperatures of the fire and the loss of thermal insulation.
Robots are getting more agile and automation systems are becoming more complex. Yet the most impressive development in robotics and automation is increased intelligence. Machines in automation are increasingly able to analyze huge amounts of data. They are often able to see, speak, even imitate patterns of human thinking. Researchers at European Automation
call this deep learning.
The promise of the Internet of Things (IoT) is that devices, gadgets, and appliances we use every day will be able to communicate with one another. This potential is not limited to household items or smartphones, but also things we find in our yard and garden, as evidenced by a recent challenge from the element14 design community.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.