The typical holder of a Ph.D in engineering was paid $70,000 in 1995--more than the median salary for doctorates in major science categories. So finds a report by the National Research Council. The study profiles demographic and employment trends of doctorate-level engineers and scientists in the U.S. The median salary for all science and engineering Ph.Ds was $60,200. The top non-engineering categories were chemistry and physics/astronomy, both at $68,000. Doctorate holders working in the private for-profit sector had the highest median annual salary at $75,000. The figure for those working in educational institutions was $52,000. Engineers did well, too, in patent applications, a measure of productivity. A fourth of the engineering Ph.Ds had applied for patents; 72% got them. The application mark was surpassed only by the 31% submitted by chemistry Ph.Ds. You can find out more about the "1995 Survey of Doctorate Recipients" by e-mailing Peter Henderson at email@example.com.
Most machine design engineers will survey existing component manufacturers for standard linear guide products, limiting what they can do with their designs. Using extruded aluminum profile guides can customize machine designs while shrinking the bill of materials.
Weaned on the relatively effortless connectivity of today’s massive variety of consumer electronic products, automation users in the IIoT will likely not tolerate too many competing, piecemeal standards for long. And the Industrial Internet Consortium is trying to preempt history.
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