Noise can be reduced through the use of perforated metals as proven by their use in aircraft engines, office partitions, industrial equipment, HVAC, and ceiling panels to name a few. In such acoustical applications, perforated metals remove or reduce sound in one of two ways--as a facing for absorbent material, or as a part of a tuned resonant absorber that provides sound absorption in a targeted frequency range.
Telephone enclosures, for example, may use perforated metal as a protective or decorative covering for some special acoustical material that is either designed to absorb sound or to reflect or scatter sound in a special way.
For noise-control applications where the objective is to remove or reduce sounds that occur only in a narrow range of frequencies, perforated metals play an active role in sound absorption systems that are "tuned" to targeted frequencies. By employing such systems, designers can reduce the thickness of the absorbing layer and save space and cost. Such applications were developed by Theodore Schultz, Ph.D., and were validated by Riverbanks Acoustical Laboratories in tests sponsored by the Industrial Perforators Association.
The purpose of the perforated metal is to be so ‘transparent’ that the sound waves pass right through it, without being diminished or reflected.
Incident sound waves cause air to oscillate through the perforated metal sheet. Air mass in the holes and the springiness of the trapped air layer determine the preferred frequency of oscillation. At that frequency, the air moves in and out of the holes and, also back and forth in the sound absorptive layer where friction converts the acoustic energy into heat to remove it from the acoustical scene.
Tom Lull, Diamond Mfg. Co., Box 174, Wyoming, PA 18644; (800) 233-9601.
The M1 push-to-close latch accommodates door misalignment in three planes and stores flush. In the closed position, the knob stores flush within the latch, reducing the chance of snagging clothing or running into the latch.
Interlocking serrations on both the pawl and the keeper accommodate grip variations. Spring-loaded, the pawl self-adjusts to variations in edge-distance from the keeper. Even when a cabinet door is only lightly or partially closed, the spring-loaded serrations engage, "grabbing" the door, holding it firmly in place. The latch and keeper design also accommodates misalignment laterally, along the frame edge.
The self-adjusting version has two available keepers.
One accommodates a flush door and frame configuration; the other is designed for
overlapping doors. A fixed grip style with a straight pawl is available for
perpendicular door/frame confi gurations or vertical installations.
To open, push the button to pop out the knob, turn to release the pawl, then, using the knob as a handle, pull the door open. To close, simply push the door shut. The door remains securely closed even if the knob is out. To store the knob flush, press it back into the housing.
Lynn Ziemer, Southco, Brinton Lake Road, Concordville, PA 19331; (610) 361-6346.
Submit your ideas and rough drawings for this section to John Lewis, Designer's Corner, Design News, 275 Washington St., Newton, MA 02458
Truchard will be presented the award at the 2014 Golden Mousetrap Awards ceremony during the co-located events Pacific Design & Manufacturing, MD&M West, WestPack, PLASTEC West, Electronics West, ATX West, and AeroCon.
Robots that walk have come a long way from simple barebones walking machines or pairs of legs without an upper body and head. Much of the research these days focuses on making more humanoid robots. But they are not all created equal.
The IEEE Computer Society has named the top 10 trends for 2014. You can expect the convergence of cloud computing and mobile devices, advances in health care data and devices, as well as privacy issues in social media to make the headlines. And 3D printing came out of nowhere to make a big splash.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.