NASA's Galileo began the second phase of its Jupiter journey, swooping over the Jovian moon, Europa, at an altitude of only 124 miles. This was the first encounter of the Galileo Europa mission, which began formally on Dec. 8, following the end of Galileo's primary mission. The Galileo Europa mission will study Jupiter's icy satellite in detail in hopes of shedding more light on the intriguing prospect that liquid oceans may lie under Europa's ice crust. The Galileo Europa mission is designed to follow up on these discoveries and will include eight consecutive Europa flybys through February 1999, followed by four Callisto flybys and one or two Iow encounters in late 1999, provided the spacecraft remains healthy. For more information, contact Jane Platt, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, at (818) 354-5011.
Unlike industrial robots, which suffered a slight overall slump in 2012, service robots continue to be increasingly in demand. The majority are used for defense, such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs); and agriculture, such as milking robots.
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