Where should NASA engineers be placing more attention in preparing for future space activities? A committee of the National Research Council studied the question and came up with six technological areas for which additional R&D "should be prioritized." The areas include: 1)tools for mining resources from the moon, Mars, or other planets, with the focus on extraction, processing, and storage methods; 2)high-frequency, wideband interplanetary communications systems with reduced weight, power requirements, and costs; 3)microelectromechanical systems for use in spacecraft sensors, communications, navigation, power, and propulsion; 4)safer nuclear power systems with improved energy-conversion efficiency for deep-space missions; 5)radiation-resistant computer memories and electronics through lightweight shielding, protective materials, and data-recovery methods; and 6)precisely controlled antennas, mirrors, and other space structures needed to develop giant space radars and telescopes. The committee says NASA should ensure that much of the research it funds in these six technology areas be conducted through private firms and universities. In the next three to five years, the report adds, NASA should reassess whether the areas should continue to be developed or whether other fields hold more promise.
According to a study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, one of the factors in the collapse of the original World Trade Center towers on Sept. 11, 2001, was the reduction in the yield strength of the steel reinforcement as a result of the high temperatures of the fire and the loss of thermal insulation.
Robots are getting more agile and automation systems are becoming more complex. Yet the most impressive development in robotics and automation is increased intelligence. Machines in automation are increasingly able to analyze huge amounts of data. They are often able to see, speak, even imitate patterns of human thinking. Researchers at European Automation
call this deep learning.
The promise of the Internet of Things (IoT) is that devices, gadgets, and appliances we use every day will be able to communicate with one another. This potential is not limited to household items or smartphones, but also things we find in our yard and garden, as evidenced by a recent challenge from the element14 design community.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.