There are few fields that spawn as many new technologies as the medical
field. Every day, it seems, some company or research lab announces a new
development in the fight against cancer, AIDS, heart disease, arthritis,
deafness, blindness, or any of a number of other tragic and debilitating
No wonder. The very names of those diseases send disturbing shudders up the spine. Most people will pay anything to find a cure and prolong their life or that of a loved one. That human concern alone has fired many careers in medical technology--and produced some remarkable breakthroughs.
Underlying all the work that leads to breakthroughs is a concern for details--in this case, small components whose design and reliability make medical machines work. This special issue contains several stories on those components. Here are three additional reports on new medical devices under development:
Optical Sensors, Inc. has developed a new device for measuring blood gases. Called the SensiCath® measurement system, it attaches to the patient and works on demand, producing results within 60 seconds. There's no exposure to potentially infectuous blood for the care giver, and no blood loss for the patient, since blood recirculates to the artery after measurement.
Aspect Medical Systems, Inc. has developed a one-piece sensor that measures the effects of anesthetics on the brain. The company says the system assists in the detection of patient awareness, giving early warning that the patient may be sedated but still experiencing pain during surgery.
Researchers at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary are developing tiny computer chips that might provide hope for the blind. Implanted in the eye, the chips would stimulate the ganglion cells in the retina that are connected to the brain, initiating visual information that can pass to the brain.
Wondrous things, these new developments, and they all depend on tiny details hidden from the patients' view. All of them hold the promise of giving us a better quality of life.
The engineers and inventors of the post WWII period turned their attention to advancements in electronics, communication, and entertainment. Breakthrough inventions range from LEGOs and computer gaming to the integrated circuit and Ethernet -- a range of advancements that have little in common except they changed our lives.
Neil Fromer is the executive director of the Resnick Institute, a program for energy and sustainability at the California Institute of Technology, working to develop new ideas and research technologies related to providing a sustainable future. He spoke to us about the severity of the current drought in California and how solar energy can help prevent such situations in the future.
From home enthusiasts to workers on the manufacturing floor, everyone's imagination is captured by the potential of 3D printing. Prototyping, spare parts creation, art delivery, human organ creation, and even mass product production are all being targeted as current and potential uses for the technology.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.