Sale of fly ash is a flourishing business for many electric utilities. In fact, some 12 million tons of fly ash produced by coal-fired electricity plants in the U.S. are sold to the cement and concrete industries. However, this business may be in danger. Many utilities find that nitrogen oxide (NOx) reduction equipment installed to meet Clean Air Act emissions standards can increase the unburned carbon content of fly ash, making it unmarketable. A new technology, Carbon Burn-Out (CBO), could solve this problem. Designed around fluidized-bed combustion, the process provides temperature, residence time, and oxygen content at values optimized for fly ash carbon combustion. The system's hot restart and cycling capability is similar to that of fluidized-bed steam generators in its ability to quickly recover from a trip condition or short-term forced outage. Not only does CBO produce a high-quality, low-carbon fly ash, but the heat recovered in the process improves the efficiency of the host power plant. Based on successful tests conducted by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) at a pilot plant operated by South Carolina Electric & Gas, the utility has constructed a full-scale facility designed to produce about 160,000 tons of the low-carbon fly ash per year. E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Some of our culture's most enduring robots appeared in the 80s. The Aliens series produced another evil android, and we saw light robot fare in the form of Short Circuit. Two of the great robots of all time also showed up: The Terminator and RoboCop.
Major global metropolitan areas are implementing a vast number of technology, energy, transportation, and Internet projects to make the metropolis a friendlier, greener, safer, and more sustainable place to be.
Here’s a look at robots depicted in movies and on TV during the 1950s and 1960s. We tried to collect the classics here, omitting the scores of forgettable B movies such as Santa Claus Conquers the Martians and Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine. Stay tuned for slideshows of robot stars from later decades.
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