Nuclear detonations caught the world's attention this summer when India and Pakistan tested their potential strength. To monitor the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban-Treaty, scientists at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (Richland, WA) developed two devices for detect nuclear detonations. The Automated Radioxenon Sampler/Analyzer (ARSA) and the Radionuclide Aerosol Sampler/Analyzer (RASA) inspect the atmosphere for traces of radioactive material. Once activated, the systems will be located around the globe as an international monitoring system. ARSA analyzes air samples for radioactive xenon or radioxenon that seeps from underground nuclear explosions. The system collects air samples and processes them to trap the radioactive xenon on cold charcoal. RASA detects fission products from atmospheric explosions. It daily filters a huge volume of air to check for evidence of fission products from a nuclear explosion that attach to dust particles. Information collected by the ARSA, RASA, and other monitoring systems at the global stations will be passed on to an international data center. Call (202) 586-5806.
The choice between helical and spur gears in gearboxes may seem straightforward. But with planetary gearboxes, however, the choice between helical and spur gears requires some additional thought. Here’s what you need to know to make the right choice.
Cas Smith is a biological engineer at Terrapin Bright Green, a consulting firm that specializes in green and sustainable design. At the core of his work is to explore how biomimicry can inform sustainable design. He discussed biomimicry and its implications for design and solving some of the world’s sustainability issues in an interview with Design News.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.