MATERIALS: New PEM®high tensile strength studs provide robust fastening solutions for the most demanding applications requiring superior thread strength and hardness. These Type HFG8TM (unified) and Type HF109TM (metric) clinch studs are specially heat-treated to achieve greater tensile strength up to Grade 8 (unified) and Property Class 10.9 (metric) meeting 150 ksi/1040 MPa minimum. Their large-diameter heads serve to reduce compressive stress on panels and promote development of full thread strength.These carbon alloy steel studs have been introduced in thread sizes up to 5/16-18 / M8 and in lengths up to 1 inch/25 mm. (Longer lengths can be specially ordered.) Appropriate sizes of the Grade 8 and Property Class 10.9 products meet SAE J429 and ISO 898-1/SAE J1199 specifications, respectively. They additionally carry the appropriate head markings.
The studs install permanently in carbon steel or HSLA steel sheets as thin as .040 inch/1.5 mm with hardness up to HRB 89 on the Rockwell “B” scale. Installation is accomplished easily (without welding) using standard punch and anvil or automated equipment. The studs enable reliable, secure, and simplified attachment of components or assemblies with only a mating part necessary to complete the process.
According to a study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, one of the factors in the collapse of the original World Trade Center towers on Sept. 11, 2001, was the reduction in the yield strength of the steel reinforcement as a result of the high temperatures of the fire and the loss of thermal insulation.
Robots are getting more agile and automation systems are becoming more complex. Yet the most impressive development in robotics and automation is increased intelligence. Machines in automation are increasingly able to analyze huge amounts of data. They are often able to see, speak, even imitate patterns of human thinking. Researchers at European Automation
call this deep learning.
The promise of the Internet of Things (IoT) is that devices, gadgets, and appliances we use every day will be able to communicate with one another. This potential is not limited to household items or smartphones, but also things we find in our yard and garden, as evidenced by a recent challenge from the element14 design community.
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