ELECTRONICS: Carling Technologies’ N-Series Addressable Switch offers the look and feel of a traditional electromechanical control coupled with a built-in PCB to provide customers with a flexible, cost-effective alternative to a CAN/LIN-based switch. The N-Series produces up to 144 individual switch IDs by using a resistive ladder circuit. Different switch IDs are achieved by changing the resistor values tied to individual loads. The individual loads can then be assigned to the specific functions the switch is controlling. Each switch is connected to an ECU and the application software is written to recognize the switch IDs to determine which load is being controlled, as well as the selected actuator position. The end result means that wiring harnesses are more simplified and specific loads can now be controlled from any location within a vehicle cab. Switch locations can now be rearranged without the need for a costly and time-consuming harness redesign, giving designers the ultimate in design flexibility. The N-Series has a contact rating of 4VA at 28V dc (max); dielectric strength of 1,250V RMS between pole to pole; and 3,750V RMS between live parts and accessible surfaces. Insulation resistance is 50 Megaohms and contact bounce is 20 msec max. It has an operating temperature of -40 to 85C.
Researchers working with additive manufacturing have said multimaterial techniques will allow industry “to fabricate materials with combinations of density, strength, and thermal expansion that do not exist [yet].”
The term "multiphysics" is used to describe the simulation of multiple types of physics and their influence on one another -- for example, the investigation of the behavior of a chemical in liquid form will involve both chemistry and fluid dynamics.
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