ELECTRONICS: An explosive atmosphere may occur in many heavy-duty industries where encoders are used to provide position and speed feedback. To combat that, encoders that conform to ATEX directives should be used to increase safety in potentially explosive atmospheres. Leine & Linde’s product range of encoders in its 300, 500, 600 and 800 series conform to ATEX, specifically for lower Zones (2/22), and are now available in North America for use in these environments. ATEX is an acronym for ATmospèhere EXplosible (French, “explosive atmosphere”). It is a commonly recognized European Union directive that sets out a detailed code for products used in hazardous locations. The ATEX directive states that the construction must protect against penetration of dust in hazardous quantities and guarantee that the surface temperature is below the ignition temperature of dust/air mixtures and below the smoldering temperatures of dust deposits. The construction must minimize the occurrence of arcs, sparks and hot surfaces, which in normal operation might increase the risk of explosion.
Robots that walk have come a long way from simple barebones walking machines or pairs of legs without an upper body and head. Much of the research these days focuses on making more humanoid robots. But they are not all created equal.
The IEEE Computer Society has named the top 10 trends for 2014. You can expect the convergence of cloud computing and mobile devices, advances in health care data and devices, as well as privacy issues in social media to make the headlines. And 3D printing came out of nowhere to make a big splash.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.