As the hearing continues the focus is on the type of epoxy used in the ceiling panels that collapsed in the Big Dig tunnel last summer.
Following a presentation outlining the fundamentals of epoxy. The conversation has now turned to the difference between "fast set" epoxies and standard epoxy. The epoxy used in the tunnel in question was a fast set epoxy. And the question now is whether in effect the wrong "glue" was used and was this information availalbe to the designers, project managers and suppliers. It’s a question of the load values in terms of the type of epoxy used, along with the long-term characteristics of fast set epoxy and the safety value factor of this type of adhesive in this type of structure. Was the epoxy used appropriate for the loads it was expected to hold?
According to a study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, one of the factors in the collapse of the original World Trade Center towers on Sept. 11, 2001, was the reduction in the yield strength of the steel reinforcement as a result of the high temperatures of the fire and the loss of thermal insulation.
Robots are getting more agile and automation systems are becoming more complex. Yet the most impressive development in robotics and automation is increased intelligence. Machines in automation are increasingly able to analyze huge amounts of data. They are often able to see, speak, even imitate patterns of human thinking. Researchers at European Automation
call this deep learning.
The promise of the Internet of Things (IoT) is that devices, gadgets, and appliances we use every day will be able to communicate with one another. This potential is not limited to household items or smartphones, but also things we find in our yard and garden, as evidenced by a recent challenge from the element14 design community.
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