You really can “see” sound. At least, you can see a map of sounds picked up by the Acoustic Camera from GFaI, a German society that promotes applied computer science. At the Hannover Fair, the society showed off its latest acoustic cameras, which consist of a microphone array, a data recorder and sound analysis-and-visualization software. GFaI has several array variants that target different applications, but one example at the fair was an annular arrangement of 48 microphones with a fixed camera in the center. Point the Acoustic Camera at a machine, a car or whatever, and it will create a color-coded sound map that lets you see the intensity and sources of noise overlaid on an image of the recorded object. The Acoustic Camera can also do the same with movies to show noise changes over time. For example, the society showed a movie of a windmill with a changing sound map.
The Acoustic Camera's signal processing principles have something in common with human hearing, which is why GFaI showed the system as part of a larger exhibit dedicated to bio-inspired engineering. As GFaI sales manager Kevin Hildebrandt explains, the system's software creates the sound maps by analyzing the phase differences between the different microphones in the array. But the Acoustic Camera outperforms the our ears in the frequency and sampling department. Hildebrandt notes that it handles a frequency range that tops out at 60,000 Hz and sample at up to 192,000 Hz. “We have been able to record the sounds of a passing bat,” Hildebrandt says. (Think vampire, not baseball.)
The system has been around for a few years now and has mostly attracted automotive OEMs and systems suppliers looking to turn down the noise in their designs. But the Acoustic Camera has a couple of new abilities that could make it more attractive to a wider variety of engineers and machine builders looking to diagnose noise problems. For one, the system lets users tie the sound maps to an rpm input from a motor or engine. For another, GFaI has come out with a new 3D version of its system that maps the sound results onto the appropriate surfaces of a 3D CAD model. One demo showed the noise from an dashboard indicator was displayed on the CAD model of the vehicle's interior.
Some humanoid walking robots are also good at running, balancing, and coordinated movements in group settings. Several of our sports robots have won regional or worldwide acclaim in the RoboCup soccer World Cup, or FIRST Robotics competitions. Others include the world's first hockey-playing robot and a trash-talking Scrabble player.
A recent example of a major CAE revamp is MSC Apex, released last month by MSC Software Corp. In a discussion with Design News, MSC executives noted that its next-generation platform is designed to substantially reduce CAE modeling and process time, “in some cases from weeks down to hours.”
The Thames Deckway would run for eight miles close to the river’s edge, rising and falling slightly with the tidal cycle. It will generate its own energy from a series of devices that will line the pathway and use a combination of sources to make the path self-sustaining.
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