HOME  |  NEWS  |  BLOGS  |  MESSAGES  |  FEATURES  |  VIDEOS  |  WEBINARS  |  INDUSTRIES  |  FOCUS ON FUNDAMENTALS
REGISTER   |   LOGIN   |   HELP
Blogs
Guest Blogs

That Fictitious Force

NO RATINGS
View Comments: Oldest First|Newest First|Threaded View
Cabe Atwell
User Rank
Blogger
Initial
Cabe Atwell   12/26/2012 6:27:20 PM
NO RATINGS
Thanks for the lesson. Always fun to read.

A little more in this area:

The first MEMS gyroscope was produced by  Systron Donner Inertial (SDI).

 Below is a short video on how the MEMS Gyroscope works.

 



 

Battar
User Rank
Platinum
Careful with the cheap ones
Battar   12/27/2012 9:12:24 AM
NO RATINGS
Be careful with the low cost MEMS gyros. They suffer both from drift and large zero rate outputs. This means that if you continuously take readings when the device is not in motion, the MEMS gyro will say you have turned a full circle after an hour or so. They can be fun used measuring motion on one plane, but for 3 dimensional movement the calculations involved in figuring out where you are are beyond the wit of an embedded micro-controller. (not to mention the capabilities of some engineers - it's not the simple like an accelerometer)

Nancy Golden
User Rank
Platinum
Re: Initial
Nancy Golden   12/29/2012 1:52:53 AM
NO RATINGS
I agree - it was a fun lesson and very interesting. I have not given much thought to MEMS gyroscopes before this. I enjoyed the video you posted - Cabe. It simplified the concept for me and I can visualize its application more clearly.

Scott Orlosky
User Rank
Platinum
Re: Careful with the cheap ones
Scott Orlosky   12/30/2012 11:14:35 PM
NO RATINGS
Gyros, like all instruments come in different grades.  For the short term RC-style stabilization mentioned in the video, noise and bias of a gyro don't make much difference and can be compensated for.  However if you are navigating a plane full of passengers across the country - it's a much more complex requirement as you noted requiring a different grade of instrument.

SparkyWatt
User Rank
Platinum
Re: Careful with the cheap ones
SparkyWatt   12/31/2012 1:50:00 PM
NO RATINGS
I doubt that they are beyond the microcontroller.  Most calculations like this break down to very simple expressions when properly discretized.  However, doing that analysis may well be beyond most programmers who are trying to tell the microcontroller what to do.

Battar
User Rank
Platinum
Re: Careful with the cheap ones
Battar   1/1/2013 1:55:22 AM
NO RATINGS
The algorithms for 3 dimensional position calculations can be found in application notes, but they involve matrix multiplications and basic controllers like PIC and M0 are not up to the job, not if they are controlling motors at the same time. Factoring in all the errors a MEMS gyro is capable of and you realize it's not really useful for navigation. In practical terms, there is no way you will accurately follow a corkscrew motion with these sensors.

SparkyWatt
User Rank
Platinum
Re: Careful with the cheap ones
SparkyWatt   1/2/2013 9:30:04 AM
NO RATINGS
I'd be a little careful about saying no.  Often enough, people put constraints on these things that are way beyond what is necessary.  For example, you added the "controlling motors" constraint.  I've done real time adaptive servo position control with a PIC that was also monitoring a half dozen inputs.  It is all in when and how often you do the tasks.  Reading the encoder (a very simple task) has to be very fast, or you will miss counts.  The inner loop of the servo control has to be in the 100 to 1000 Hz range.  The adaptivity can be done in the 1 to 10 Hz range.

Reading a gyro has to be very fast.  Compensation can be slower.  Navigation can be much slower.  A 3D matrix-vector multiply is only 9 multiplies and six additions.  That isn't much, especially if you have some hardware help to do it (which some PICs do).  If you had to do that at 100 kHz, that would be beyond a PIC, but I doubt that you do.

Having said that. the inherent errors in a MEMs gyro will cause them to drift.  You will need other input to compensate for that.  But that is not a processor limitation.  An array of high speed DSPs would have the same problem.

Partner Zone
More Blogs from Guest Blogs
Connected sensor-enabled applications will improve the consumer experience -- and generate new revenue streams.
As an industry, we now need to up our game and provide contractors with easier ways to properly identify and report counterfeit products and build collaboration between manufacturers, design engineers, industry organizations, and government.
Its your job to find the right people, ask the right questions, to dig deeper, and properly prepare your users so they can provide you the most useful and productive answers possible.
The shift to aluminum is gaining momentum and the demand from automakers for aluminum is soaring, "expecting to reach one billion pounds this year, up from 200 million in 2012, and to grow by more than 30% annually through 2020."
Einstein in a Box inspires critical thinking with the actual doing and experiencing. They take the statement "inquiring minds want to know" to a whole new level.
Design News Webinar Series
3/27/2014 11:00 a.m. California / 2:00 p.m. New York / 7:00 p.m. London
2/27/2014 11:00 a.m. California / 2:00 p.m. New York / 7:00 p.m. London
12/18/2013 Available On Demand
11/20/2013 Available On Demand
Quick Poll
The Continuing Education Center offers engineers an entirely new way to get the education they need to formulate next-generation solutions.
Apr 21 - 25, Creating & Testing Your First RTOS Application Using MQX
SEMESTERS: 1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5


Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.
Next Class: April 29 - Day 1
Sponsored by maxon precision motors
Learn More   |   Login   |   Archived Classes
Twitter Feed
Design News Twitter Feed
Like Us on Facebook

Sponsored Content

Technology Marketplace

Datasheets.com Parts Search

185 million searchable parts
(please enter a part number or hit search to begin)
Copyright © 2014 UBM Canon, A UBM company, All rights reserved. Privacy Policy | Terms of Service