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Building Out the Internet of Things With Printed Electronic Smart Labels

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Elizabeth M
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Informative article
Elizabeth M   7/2/2013 10:48:04 AM
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Thanks for such an informative article, Heidi. Thiscertainly sounds like a good IoT-enabling technology, sort of like an RFID for the IoT. The ability to store and transfer data via these smart labels will certainly provide a good basis for the type of device interconnectedness that will be necessary for the IoT.

78RPM
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Environmental Issues?
78RPM   7/2/2013 3:47:01 PM
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Thanks for the info, Heidi. Do you know of any environmental issues with these labels? What would a grocery store do with hundreds of these labels every day? Can they be returned to the issuer and reused? Do they just get thrown in the trash? Are there any chemicals that present environmental concern?

William K.
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Smart labels that last forever.
William K.   7/3/2013 10:56:39 PM
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The wondeful smartlabels do represent one more product to put in our landfills, since it is quite unlikely that there will be any recycling done with them, both because it would be inconvenient and because recycling the used ones will cut into the profit to be made selling new ones. Another concern that those hoping to flood the universe with a huge cloud of connected things is the recycling of the unique addresses in that internet of things. Consider a factory producing a bottle of aspirin every second, and then consider that adds an additional 3600 unique identities every hour, 144,000 new identities every week. Now look at the display in your avarage pharmacy, Walgreens, for example, and conside the total number of identities being created for the IOT dream. Do we really want a world that must have 128 digit IP addresses? And how can they be reassigned until it can be verified that the previous holder is no longer in existance?

My point being that assigning identities is a very big deal and should probably be considered very carefully prior to starting up this monster. Or possibly start with every item having it's own unique 128 digit address. And decide who will take care of it and avoid duplications.

etmax
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Re: Smart labels that last forever.
etmax   7/4/2013 12:10:33 AM
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Excellent point WK. Too little planning is put into a lot of these "dreams". Just think of the issue of defunct sattelites in orbit, there's so much trash up there now that sattelites are trashed by the debris, and now (finally) they are starting to add end of life strategies. This will end up being the same fiasco.

Mydesign
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PCB & Printed Electronics
Mydesign   7/4/2013 6:01:35 AM
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"A set of printed methods used to create electrical devices on various substrates, Printed Electronics uses common printing equipment, such as screen-printing, flexography, gravure, offset lithography, or ink jet printing."

Heidi, how this printed electronics are different from printed circuit boards. Normally components are mounted over this board for inter connectivity and placing.

Thinfilm
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Iron
Re: PCB & Printed Electronics
Thinfilm   7/4/2013 8:30:41 AM
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Smart labels are printed on polymer using inks instead of being based on silicon. It is a more cost-effective way of creating electronics at high-volume.

Mydesign
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Re: PCB & Printed Electronics
Mydesign   7/8/2013 3:18:36 AM
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"Smart labels are printed on polymer using inks instead of being based on silicon. It is a more cost-effective way of creating electronics at high-volume"

Thinfilm, thanks for the clarification. Whether this inks are capable to carry the signal.



Thinfilm
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Iron
Environmental issues with smart labels
Thinfilm   7/4/2013 8:24:36 AM
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Hi, and thank you for your interest in printed electronics! Our labels are non-toxic, but made of plastic adhesive and meant for disposable goods. This means that after use, the labels are discarded along with the packaging to which it is attached. We therefore have to follow normal recycling procedures as we would for any wrapping or packaging.

Printed electronics is just starting to take off and we are still in the development phase of how this industry will look. Environmental concerns will certainly need to be addressed. In the US alone, food waste is a rampant problem: for example last year, a Natural Resources Defense Council report showed that 40% of food in the US – or about $165 billion worth – goes unused each year. Food production accounts for about 80% of the nation's fresh water consumption; so with 40% of food wasted, 25% of our fresh water is wasted, too. Finally, many consumers discard food items based on "sell by" rather than "use by" dates.  Printed electronic smart labels can help change at least part of the waste equation by telling us exactly when the milk goes sour.

Regarding the second point, our labels don´t actually need a unique IP address. The label "talks" to a reader and as of now it is not connected to the cloud. And with IPv6 adoption underway worldwide, there should be more than enough space for the whole Internet of Things, as more and more devices start to get connected in the years to come.

William K.
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Re: Environmental issues with smart labels
William K.   7/4/2013 12:10:09 PM
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OK, and interesting, and it makes a lot more sense. But don't think that just because there are lots of identities available today that it will last. Some fools want to give every light bulb and appliance an address. So when the (whatever) is idscarded now we have the ID of a dead thing. Sort of like when several hundred dead people voted for Huey Long in Louisianna a while back. MY point being that sometimes dumb things come back on you, long after they are done. Just because it seems like an OK idea today does not mean that it won't be a big problem in two years. That has happened before. Just look at global warming, if you believe that it is caused by "our harmless friend", Carbon Dioxide. 15 years ago it was the automotive emissions target goal.

Mydesign
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Platinum
Re: Environmental issues with smart labels
Mydesign   7/8/2013 3:36:45 AM
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Willaim, you mean that all our plans are beyond schedule or even we are not able to foreseen the consequence well in advance.

William K.
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Re: Environmental issues with smart labels
William K.   7/8/2013 9:11:24 AM
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Very exactly, what I mean is that those who propose to give every little thing a specific internet identity have chosen to ignore the fact that those identities will remain assigned long after each light bulb has failed and every little appliance has been assigned to a landfill. But since it will not be their problem it is ignored. If these small devices had a LAn identity of some sort then the situation would be different. But to assign an actual address to each and every item because they can is a poor choice.

Mydesign
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Re: Environmental issues with smart labels
Mydesign   7/10/2013 12:06:36 AM
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"what I mean is that those who propose to give every little thing a specific internet identity have chosen to ignore the fact that those identities will remain assigned long after each light bulb has failed and every little appliance has been assigned to a landfill."

Willaim, that's drawback, so somebody has to either remove or destroy that ID and can reassign the same ID to some other new devices.

tekochip
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Re: Environmental issues with smart labels
tekochip   7/10/2013 7:52:35 AM
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Most of these solutions do not use an MAC address for each device.  Instead there is a small local network in your home using Zigbee, ANT, or whatever for each device.  That small network communicates with your home's gateway which then communicates with the cloud.

William K.
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Re: Environmental issues with smart labels
William K.   7/11/2013 9:39:46 PM
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So the actual best choice for all of the little devices is to have a different type of addresses, not internet protocol. A single interface package that can handle the message formatting and priority setting would reduce the burden on the web, and avoid the problem of all those addresses.

Mydesign
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Re: Environmental issues with smart labels
Mydesign   7/15/2013 11:58:55 PM
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"Most of these solutions do not use an MAC address for each device. Instead there is a small local network in your home using Zigbee, ANT, or whatever for each device. That small network communicates with your home's gateway which then communicates with the cloud."

Technochip, thanks for the clarification. I think it's a good solution too.

Cabe Atwell
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Blogger
Re: Environmental issues with smart labels
Cabe Atwell   7/31/2013 7:10:06 PM
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Apparently, some engineers from Samsung Electro-Mechanics have found a way to synthesize organic-soluble silver nanoparticles for use in printed electronics, which are environmentally friendly.

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