I didn't learn electronics in a high school class, I learned from DIY electronics magazines to start with, then formally at college. I did take an electronics elective in high school, but it was all tube circuits, and that was in 1980, LOL.
Ironically, I have recently taken up tinkering with tube-based amplifiers as a hobby.
Back in the early 70's I used to take strobe photos synced using a coffee can, balloon, nickel, and a few wires.
1. Remove both ends of the coffee can.
2. Cut the balloon and stretch it over one end of the can and securely tape with duct tape.
3. Solder a 20 gage wire to a nickel, and glue the nickel to the outside center of the stretched balloon.
4. Wrap a length of insulated 8 gage solid wire around the can and extend the end over the ballooned end and form it so the stripped wire tip almost touches the nickel.
5. Connect a strobe sync cable to the nickel and 8 gage wires.
6. Clap your hand near the open end of the can and watch the strobe fire.
Sync delay is adjusted by moving the can closer or further away from the sound source. Sound sensitivity is adjusted by bending and adjusting the 8 gage stripped wire closer or further from the nickel.
I took many a great photo using this simple setup. This was used to capture the rifle bullet destroying a Master Padlock in the late-70s advertisement. It took over a dozen Polaroids to get the sync just right, and then several dozen locks to get one to look just right.
The shutter speed on modern cameras is good, but I was talking about shutter response time. Canon and Nikkon professional cameras are HORRENDOUS in responding to high speed events, with a response time of between .1-.5 ms (when I last looked at their specs a year or two ago, may be better now).
The only camera on the consumer or professional markets with a fast enough response time for real high speed events, but still not as fast as a flash exposure notheless, are the casio EX-FH20 and EX-f1. The EX-FH20 doesn't have external shutter control though, so it would need to be modified. The repsponse time on these is around 0.01ms last time I looked into it.
The shutter speed means nothing if the camera is too slow in activating it from a signal.
On top of that, when operating in video moe you have no way of syncing the event with a frame of video on those cameras. if you watch my video embedded you'll notice that sometimes you see the flash go off when I trigger it, and sometimes not. This is because the flash came between frame grabs by the digital image sensor.
To top things off, the high frame rate capture mode on those cameras is always at reduced resolution form a normal still capture, and with this method it works on any camera as long as it has Bulb mode or multi second exposures, which oens the door to using the superior resolution of Medium and Large format cameras.
As for the cost, and I think the video stated it, you just need a used disposable camera and most placeswill just give you one if they still process them. If not, then around $5-10.
The rest of the circuit should be around $5, minus a breadboard if you want to go that route but I only used that for demonstration purposes and for the build instructions.
I built a microphone triggered circuit like this when I was at high school age. It was a lot of fun to use. I took pictures of balloons popping, lightbulbs smashing, firecrackers exploding, etc. with a traditional film camera at the time. Digital would make this a lot easier...if you have a camera with really long exposure capability. I should go through my junk box and see if I still have the trigger unit I built.
Yes, modern digital cameras can take several shots a second, but the images will still have motion blur. To really stop motion well, you need an exposure speed upwards of around 1/50,000 second, which is about the duration of many flash units.
Sometimes no real justufication is needed other than the obvious desire to create. Now if the inventor was looking for a government grant, you might have a legitimate complaint, but in this case just wanting to take a picture of a bursting balloon is reason enough.
On the other hand if he was going after government money all he would have to do is hang the word "GREEN" in front of it and he might have gotten millions. I applaud people who tinker, "just because." It looks like a fun project.
I think the Shutter Speed he is talking about is that single use camera. I am pretty sure there is some DSLR's out there that can capture 5-30 frames a second at full resolution, limiting factor being the buffer for the data coming from the light sensor. If you degrade resolution you can theoretically go as fast as your shutter.
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For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.